Red-rumped Parrot: Physical Characteristics, Behavior, Habitat & More

The Red-rumped Parrot is a colorful bird species that are native to Australia. This small parrot is a popular pet among bird enthusiasts due to its striking appearance and engaging personality. This article will explore the Red-rumped Parrot’s physical characteristics, behavior, habitat, care, and breeding. We will also discuss the common health conditions and mutations that affect this species. Let’s dive in!

Common NameRed-rumped Parrot
Scientific NamePsephotus haematonotus
DietSeeds, fruits, and insects
Group NameParakeet
Average Life Span10-15 years
Size25-30 cm (10-12 in)
Weight70-100 g (2.5-3.5 oz)
Species Overview: Red-rumped Parrot

Physical Characteristics

The Red-rumped Parrot is a small bird that measures 10-12 inches (25-30 cm) in length and weighs 1.5-2.5 ounces (40-70 grams). This parrot species has a vibrant green body, a red rump, and a blue-green tail. The males have a bright blue patch on their cheeks, while females have a lighter green cheek patch. They have relatively short, hooked beaks and dark brown eyes.

Behavior and Personality

Red-rumped Parrots are social and intelligent birds that enjoy interacting with their human companions. They are known for their playful and affectionate personalities, making them a popular choice for pet owners. These birds are active and enjoy flying, climbing, and playing with toys. They are vocal birds and can learn to mimic human speech with proper training.

Natural Habitat and Distribution

Red-rumped Parrots are native to Australia and can be found in various habitats, including woodlands, forests, grasslands, and savannas. They are most commonly found in Australia’s eastern and southern regions, from southern Queensland to South Australia, including Tasmania.

Captivity and Care

Red-rumped Parrots are popular pets and can be kept in cages or aviaries. They require a spacious enclosure that allows them to move around and exercise. The cage should be placed in a well-lit area away from drafts and direct sunlight. The temperature should be maintained between 60-80°F (15-26°C).

These birds need a varied diet that includes seeds, fruits, vegetables, and nuts. Fresh water should always be available, and the food and water containers should be cleaned regularly. Red-rumped Parrots also enjoy bathing, and providing a shallow water dish can help keep them clean and healthy.

Diet and Nutrition

A balanced diet is essential for the health and well-being of Red-rumped Parrots. Their diet should include a variety of seeds, including millet, sunflower, and canary seeds. Fresh fruits and vegetables such as apples, grapes, carrots, and spinach can also be offered. Nuts, such as almonds and walnuts, can be treated in moderation.

It is essential to avoid feeding these birds avocados, chocolate, caffeine, alcohol, and high-fat or high-sugar foods, as they can be toxic to birds.


Red-rumped Parrots are monogamous birds that form long-term bonds with their mates. They reach sexual maturity at around one year and can breed throughout the year, although the breeding season typically occurs from August to January.

During breeding, the male performs a courtship display that includes bowing, head-bobbing, and tail-spreading. The female will inspect the potential nesting site, and both birds will work together to build the nest.

The female will lay 4-6 eggs, hatching after 18-21 days. The chicks will fledge the nest at around 6-8 weeks and become independent after a few more weeks.

Health & Common Conditions

Red-rumped Parrots are generally hardy birds and have a lifespan of up to 15 years in the wild and up to 25 years in captivity. However, like all animals, they are prone to specific health conditions.

One of Red-rumped Parrots’ most common health issues is Psittacosis, a bacterial disease that can cause respiratory problems, diarrhea, and weight loss. Keep your bird’s living area clean and well-ventilated to prevent this disease and avoid overcrowding.

Another common health issue is obesity, which can lead to other problems such as liver disease, heart disease, and even premature death. Ensure your bird has a balanced and varied diet, and encourage regular exercise through playtime and toys.

Red-rumped Parrots may face other health issues, including feather plucking, mites, and bacterial or fungal infections. If you notice any unusual behavior or symptoms, such as lethargy, loss of appetite, or unusual discharge, it is essential to consult with an avian veterinarian immediately.


Red-rumped Parrots are known for their striking coloration, with males sporting bright green feathers on their backs and red feathers on their rumps. However, selective breeding has developed a range of color mutations, including blue, yellow, and white.

While these mutations may be visually appealing, they can also negatively affect the bird’s health and well-being. For example, some mutations can cause feather abnormalities, weakened immune systems, and even shortened lifespans.

If you are considering adding a Red-rumped Parrot to your home, it is essential to do your research and choose a reputable breeder who prioritizes the health and well-being of their birds.

Training and Socialization

Red-rumped Parrots are intelligent and social birds, and with proper training and socialization, they can make great pets. However, they require consistent and patient training to ensure that they develop good behavior and bonding with their owners.

Start by establishing a routine for your bird, including regular feeding times and playtime. Use positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats and praise, to reward good behavior and discourage bad behavior.

Socialization is also essential for Red-rumped Parrots, as they thrive on interaction with their owners and other birds. Consider providing your bird with various toys and perches and spending time with them daily to foster a strong bond.


Red-rumped Parrots are a fascinating and colorful species of parrots that make great pets for those willing to put in the time and effort to care for them properly. By providing them with a balanced diet, a clean and stimulating living environment, and plenty of socialization and training, you can help them live a long, healthy, and happy life.

FAQs about Red-rumped Parrot

  1. What is the scientific name of the Red-rumped Parrot?

Scientific name: Psephotus haematonotus.

  1. What is the average lifespan of a Red-rumped Parrot?

Red-rumped Parrots have a lifespan of up to 15 years in the wild and up to 25 years in captivity.

  1. What do Red-rumped Parrots eat?

Red-rumped Parrots are primarily herbivores and eat a diet consisting of seeds, fruits, vegetables, and occasional insects.

  1. Can Red-rumped Parrots learn to talk?

While not known for their talking ability, Red-rumped Parrots can learn to mimic certain sounds and words with proper training and socialization.

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